Content - COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere 1986

COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (CIRA-86)

The CIRA-86 data are zonally averaged monthly mean climatologies of several amospheric parameters. The following zonal mean parameters are available on a 5 degree latitude by 0.25 log-pressure scale height grid.

  • Temperature
  • Zonal wind
  • Geopotential height

The following zonal mean parameters are also available on a 10 degree latitude by 5 km altitude grid.

  • Temperature
  • Zonal wind
  • Pressure

Data are available on the ftp server at /sparc/ref_clim/fleming. Refer to the README file for more information.


Fleming, E.L., S. Chandra, J.J. Barnett and M. Corney (1990), Zonal mean temperature, pressure, zonal wind, and geopotential height as functions of latitude, COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere: 1986, Part II: Middle Atmosphere Models, Adv. Space Res., 10, 12, 11-59, doi:10.1016/0273-1177(90)90386-E.

Fleming, E.L., S. Chandra, M.R. Schoeberl and J.J. Barnett (1988), Monthly mean global climatology of temperature, wind, geopotential height, and pressure for 0-120 km, NASA Tech. Memo. NASA TM-100697, 85 pp. doi:10.1016/0273-1177(90)90230-W.